Illegal Dumping

Illegal Dumping Prevention

Illegal dumping affects many communities around the globe. Hazardous waste, chemicals, and tires all negatively impact the environment and cost communities thousands of dollars. How to stop illegal dumping? Illegal dumping prevention is a tricky thing, and needs to be done correctly.

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), based in Region 5 in Chicago, wrote an “Illegal Dumping Prevention Guidebook” on how to establish an effective illegal dumping prevention program. The guide book addresses four areas:

  • Effective Leadership and support by the local officials
  • Cooperation among authorities, communities, and industry
  • An Integrated approach
  • Publicizing success

Effective Leadership and support by the local officials

In order to prevent illegal dumping, there needs to be a prevention program in place. All the key leaders and government officials need to be on aboard with that program. Local officials should come together to work with laws to stop illegal dumping, or develop laws to help prevent and discourage illegal dumping. Officials need to plan and receive adequate funding. Stopping illegal dumping has to be on the priority list. If it is not, then preventing it will be difficult.

In addition, there needs to be effective equipment and tools for the leaders to deal with preventing illegal dumping, equipment like camera systems that take high resolutions photos that capture license plates in complete darkness. The leaders need to learn how to use their tools and equipment to make better use of tools at their disposal.

Cooperation among authorities, communities, and industry

Other departments like the police, public works, environmental, and sanitation need to be on board, not just city officials. There needs to be good communication and coordination among departments. A good model would be where the city officials put a penalty in place, public works and environmental departments  use tools to catch law breakers, and the police enforce the law. Putting an illegal dumping task force together can help put the load off other departments, but there still needs to be proper collaboration and communication.

An Integrated approach

Integration of several strategies will prove to be an effective way to stop illegal dumping. EPA’s “Illegal Dumping Prevention Guidebook”, gives four strategies:

  • Site Maintenance and controls
  • Community outreach and involvement
  • Targeting enforcement
  • Program measurement

The guidebook gives detailed descriptions of these “toolkit” items at the end of the book. Learning to integrate these strategies is an important part of illegal dumping prevention.

Publicizing success

Showing success through media is a way to notify the community that illegal dumping is being dealt with, and the prevention program is working. This will help gain additional support from other organizations and surrounding communities and will educate them on how to stop illegal dumping.  In addition, tracking arrests and publicizing them will fuel illegal dumping prevention, because other illegal dumpers will be notified and hopefully stop.

Fly Tipping

What is “Fly Tipping?”

The Cambridge Dictionaries Online defines “fly tipping” as “illegally leaving things that you do not want next to a road, in fields, in rivers, etc.” Fly tipping is another word for illegal dumping or waste dumping, more commonly used as a British slang.

Fly tipping is a huge problem in the UK. According to BBC, the UK has “2.5M cases of illegal dumping were recorded between April 2005 and 2006… with 1,249,527 incidents reported in Liverpool alone.” The UK is not the only country to have fly tipping problems. In Australia, “illegal dumping costs one in 10 councils more than $500,000 a year.” Here in the US, it was reported in 2014 that $17 MILLION a year was spent on efforts to address illegal dumping in just the City of Baltimore!  Illegal dumping is an international problem with communities across the world seeking an effective illegal dumping solution.

Commonly found fly dumping items include tires, old furniture, household garbage, construction debris, appliances, yard waste, and hazardous waste. Many cities are experiencing an increased amount of illegal dumping due to rising disposal costs people just don’t want to pay. Some communities such as Smith County, TX have also seen an increase in illegal dumping as burn bans were implemented. Since residents no longer are allowed to burn trash and other household items, they just decide to dump their trash in secluded roads or remote locations. Perhaps they do not realize that this is also illegal. If they are caught illegally dumping trash, the fines for this penalty are significantly higher than the disposal fees they would have paid.

Many cities & counties are enforcing tighter illegal dumping laws to emphasize the seriousness of this activity. Their programs are successfully addressing the crime by creating public awareness of the penalties associated with illegal dumping and the consequences they may face. More programs are integrating technology to capture and identify these criminals successfully, further sending the message of prosecution WHEN they are caught instead of IF they are caught… they’re not messing around with the criminals creating a mess in their community!